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4 Golf Clubhead Parts

4 Golf Clubhead Parts

4 Golf Clubhead Parts

Essentials all golfers should know about their clubs to play — and buy — better.

As part of an ongoing series, 2nd Swing Golf is digging into its vaults to help inform today’s golfers a bit more about the clubs and equipment they depend upon. 

Here is an introduction to understanding the golf clubhead better, so consumers can feel more confident walking into a store or buying online and then truly making informed purchasing decisions — and — improve their overall game. Here are four things all golfers should know about their clubs:

1. Offset — Effects on shot making.

2. Lofts — Common lofts for fairway woods and wedges.

3. Lie Angles — Flat, upright and standard.

4. Fitting — What gets adjusted and why.


One common term that arises when discussing clubhead design is offset. The offset head is set back from the leading edge of the hosel.

An offset head gives the golfer a fraction of a second longer to square up the clubface at impact, which aids in the reduction of slicing.

Below is a diagram illustrating the offset of an iron:


A few examples of popularized offset irons you can find online below at 2nd


ping g2


TaylorMade RAC OS

Callaway Big Bertha

Titleist 822

(The list are only some examples. Many iron sets offer some degree of offset.)

*Note: Offset aids in the reduction of slicing.


In order to help get the golf ball into the air, all woods and irons are lofted.

The angle that determines how high the ball is hit is measured in degrees. The higher the degree of loft, the higher the ball will fly. Therefore, lower lofted clubs will tend to hit the ball farther than higher lofted clubs.

A club may or may not indicate the degrees of loft on the club itself. However, it is common to see the loft of the 1-wood stamped on the sole.

As wedges are becoming more and more specialized, the exact loft of a wedge is frequently indicated somewhere on the clubhead to help the golfer determine exactly which wedges he prefers to carry.

Although lofts vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, it’s important to understand the most common lofts for woods and wedges, as indicated in the standard lofts chart below.

*Note: The higher the degree of loft, the higher the ball will fly. Lower lofted clubs hit the ball farther than higher lofted clubs.

golf loft Irons

Standard lofts for woods and wedges:


1-wood = 9-11 degrees
3-wood = 13-15 degrees
5-wood = 18-20 degrees
7-wood = 21-23 degrees


Pitching wedge (PW) = 48 degrees
Gap wedge (GW) = 52 degrees
Sand wedge (SW) = 56 degrees
Lob wedge (LW) = 60 degrees


Lie angle is measured in degrees upright or degrees flat, as related to a “standard” lie.

For example, a tall golfer may desire to stand straighter at address, so would require an upright lie angle. By adjusting the angle 2 degrees upright, for example, the golfer may make a more comfortable address position and then the club does not need to be lengthened.

The performance of the club during the swing will best determine the proper lie angle. If the lie angle is too upright, the heel will dig into the ground. If the lie angle is too flat, the toe will dig into the ground. This is illustrated in diagrams #1 and #2.

While it is rare that wood clubheads need lie adjustments, lie angle in irons and wedges may be adjusted by bending the hosel to the desired position.

It’s important to note, however, that clubheads manufactured using the casting method usually should not be bent more than two degrees in either direction (upright or flat).

Forged clubheads are easier to bend and are much less susceptible to breaking during the bending process.

lie angles


In addition to the factors already discussed when considering the type of clubs to purchase, some golfers desire to fit their clubs to their exact swing type. 2nd Swing Golf offers an advanced way of fitting.

For more information, please contact 2nd Swing Golf. We’re always happy to help!

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